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高考阅读理解真题解释

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阅读口诀:一个前提,两个步骤,三个方法,四种题型,五个建议,六个考点

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全国卷1

Lesson1:A mother’s love (A)

I suddenly heard an elephant crying as though frightened. Looking down, I immediately recognized that something was wrong, and?ran down to?the edge of the near bank. There I saw Ma Shwe with her three-month-old calf struggling in the fast-rising water, and it was a life-and-death struggle.(56)Her calf was floating and screaming with fear. Ma Shwe was as near to the far bank as she could get, holding her whole body against the rushing water,?and keeping the calf pressed against her huge body. Every now and then the rushing water would sweep the calf away.

There was a sudden rise in the water and the calf was washed clean over the mother’s body and was gone. Ma Shwe turned quickly to reach it and pressed the calf with her head and trunk(象鼻) against the rocky bank. Then with a huge effort, she picked it up in her trunk and tried until she was able to place it on a narrow shelf of rock.

Just at this moment she fell back into the river. If she were carried down, it would be certain death. (57)I knew, as well as she did, that there was one spot(地点) where she could get up the bank, but it was on the other side from where she had put her calf.

While I was wondering what I could do next,(60)I heard the sound of a mother’s love. Ma Shwe had crossed the river and got up the bank and was making her way back as fast as she could, (58)roaring (吼叫) all the time, but to her calf it was music.

全文译文:突然,我听到大象正在哭泣,仿佛他害怕。我向下看,立即认识到大象出了什么问题,然后我跑到岸边。在那里,我看见Ma Shwe和她3个月大的小象(孩子)在快速上升的水里挣扎,并且是一个生死攸关的挣扎。56.小象浮了起来,恐惧地尖叫。Ma Shwe尽可能地靠近远处的岸边,用自己的身体对抗汹涌的水流,并且用她那硕大的身躯抵住小象。不时,那汹涌的水流想把小象冲走。
??????有一个水流突然上升,在母亲的背上,小象被冲洗干净,然后就不见了。Ma Shwe迅速转向去追赶小象,并用她的头和象鼻压着小象顶着岩石般的堤岸。然后通过很大的努力,她把小象卷起来放在她的象鼻里,并一直尝试直到她能把小象放置在狭窄的岩架。
?????就在这一刻,她掉回河里。如果她被冲到,她必死无疑。(57)我知道有一个地点,在哪里她可以上岸,她也是那么做的,但那个地方在和的另一边,这个地方,是她领小象下水的地方。

虽然我不知道我下一步要做什么,(60)我听到了母爱的声音。Ma Shwe已过河,并上了岸,她以近可能快的速度正赶往回来的路上,(58)一直在咆哮(吼叫),但对于她的小象来说这就是音乐。?

56. The moment the author got down to the river bank he saw _____,(细节)

A. the calf was about to fall into the river

B. Ma Shwe was placing the calf on the rock

C. the calf was washed away by the rising water

D. Ma Shwe was holding the calf against the rushing water

57. How did Ma Shwe manage to save her calf from the fast-flowing water?(细节)

A. By putting it on a safe spot. ???????B. By pressing it against her body.

C. By taking it away with her. ??????D. By carrying it on her back.

58. How did the calf feel about the mother elephant’s roaring?(细节)

A. It was a great comfort. ?????????B. It was a sign of danger.

C. It was a call for help. ??????????D. It was a musical note.

59. What can be the best title for the text?(主旨)

A. A Mother’s Love B. A Brave Act C. A Deadly River D. A Matter of Life and Death

练真题记单词(词汇学习):

immediately ??recognize ?struggle ?rush ?trunk ?rocky ?narrow ?spot wonder ?roar

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难句解析:

Ma Shwe was as near to the far bank as she could get, holding her whole body against the rushing water, and keeping the calf pressed against her huge body

If she were carried down, it would be certain death.

I knew, as well as she did, that there was one spot(地点) where she could get up the bank, but it was on the other side from where she had put her calf.

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2009年广东高考(A)考点分布与第一篇一致(类似考研2000-1)

Lisa was running late. Lisa,25,had a lot to do at work,plus visitors on the way: her parents were coming in for Thanksgiving from her hometown. But as she hurried down the subway stairs, she started to feel uncomfortably warn. By the time she got to the platform,(41)Lisa felt weak and tired--maybe it hadn’t been a good idea to give blood the night before,she thought. She rested herself against a post close to the tracks.

Several yards away,Frank,43,and his girlfriend,Jennifer,found a spot close to where the front of the train would stop. They were deep in discussion about a house they were thinking of buying.

But when he heard the scream,followed by someone yelling,“Oh,my God,she fell in!” Frank didn’t hesitate. He jumped down to the tracks and ran some 40 feet toward the body lying on the rails. “No! Not you! ”his girlfriend screamed after him.

She was right to be alarmed. By the time Frank reached Lisa,he could feel the tracks shaking and see the light coming. The train was about 20 seconds from the station.

(44)It was hard to lift her. She was just out.?(43)But he managed to raise her the four feet to the platform so that bystanders could hold her by the grins and drag her away from the edge. (44)That was where Lisa briefly regained consciousness,felt herself being pulled along the ground,and saw someone else holding her purse.

Lisa thought she’d been robbed. A woman held her hand and a man gave his shirt to help stop the blood pouring from her head. And she tried to talk but she couldn’t,and that was when she realized how much pain she was in.

Police and fire officials soon arrived,and Frank told the story to an officer. Jennifer said her boyfriend was calm on their 40-minute train ride downtown—just as he had been seconds after the rescue,which made her think about her reaction at the time. (42)“I saw the train coming and 1 was thinking he was going to die,”she explained.

41. What was the most probable cause for Lisa’s weakness?(细节)

A. She had run a long way. ????B. She felt hot in the subway.

C. She had done a 1ot of work. ?D. She had donated blood the night before.

42. Why did Jennifer try to stop her boyfriend? (细节)

A. Because they would miss their train. ??B. Because he didn’t see the train coming.

C. Because she was sure Lisa was hard to lift. D. Because she was afraid the train would kill him.

43. How did Frank save Lisa? (细节)

A. By lifting her to the platform. ???B. By helping her rise to her feet.

C. By pulling her along the ground. ?D. By dragging her away from the edge.

44. When did Lisa become conscious again? (细节)

A. When the train was leaving. ?B. After she was back on the platform.

C. After the police and fire officials came. D. When a man was cleaning the blood from her head.

45. The passage is intended to ______(主旨推理判断)

A. warn us of the danger in the subway B. show us how to save people in the subway

C. tell us about a subway rescue D. report a traffic accident

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Lesson2:A young programmer(B)

Computer programmer David Jones earns ¥35,000?a year designing new computer games, yet he cannot find a bank ready to let him have a credit card (信用卡). Instead, he has been told to wait another two years, until he is 18. The 16-year-old works for a small firm in Liverpool, where (60)the problem of most young (people of his age) is finding a job. David’s firm releases (推出) two new games for the fast throwing computer market each month.

(61)But David’s biggest headache is what to do with his money. Even though he earns a lot, he cannot drive a car, take out a mortgage (抵押贷款), or get credit cards.?David got his job with the Liverpool-based company four months ago, a year after leaving school with six O-levels and working for a time in a computer shop. “(62)I got the job because the people who run the firm knew I had already written some programs,” he said. David spends some of his money on records and clothes, and gives his mother 50 pounds a week. But most of his spare time is spent working.

Unfortunately, computing was not part of our studies at school,” he said. “But I had been studying it in books and magazines for four years in my spare time. (63)I knew what I wanted to do and never considered staying on at school. Most people in this business are fairly young, anyway.” David added: “I would like to earn a million and I suppose early retirement (退休) is a possibility. You never know when the market might disappear.”

译文:电脑程序员(David Jones)大卫琼斯靠设计新的电脑游戏(60)一年赚35000元,,然而他找不到银行愿意给他办一张信用卡。相反,他已被告知要再等两年,直到他18岁。一个在利物浦的小公司工作的一个16岁的年轻人,在利物浦,(60)这个年龄段的年轻人的问题是找工作。大卫的公司每个月为快速增长的电脑游戏市场推出两款新游戏。

(61)但大卫的最头痛的是如何处理他的钱。即使他赚了很多,他不能驾驶汽车,银行做按揭(抵押贷款),或获得信用卡。就在大卫离开学校一年之后,带着他的六个O-levels?学历证书,在电脑商店干了一段时间后,大卫在4个月前获得了一份工作,公司地址设在利物浦。“(62)我得到这份工作,因为经营该公司的人知道我已经写了一些程序,”他说。大卫花了一些钱在记录和衣服上,并给他的母亲50磅一个星期。但他大部分的空余时间都花在工作。

不幸的是,在学校,计算并不是我们研究的一部分,”他说。 “但在我的业余时间,我一直通过书本和杂志研究了计算机4年。(63)我知道我想做的事,并且从不考虑要继续留在学校上。无论如何生意场上的大部分人相当年轻。“大卫说:”我想挣100万元,我想提前退休(退休)是可能的。你永远不知道市场什么时候会消失。“

60. In what way is David different from people of his age?(推理)

A. He often goes out with friends. ?????B. He lives with his mother.

C. He has a handsome income. ???????D. He graduated with six O-levels.

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61. What is one of the problems that David is facing now?(细节)

A. He is too young to get a credit card. ??B. He has no time to learn driving.

C. He has very little spare time. ????????D. He will soon lose his job.

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62. Why was David able to get the job in the company?(细节)

A. He had done well in all his exams.

B. He had written some computer programs.

C. He was good at playing computer games.

D. He had learnt to use computers at school.

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63. Why did David decide to leave school and start working?(细节)

A. He received lots of job offers. ?????B. He was eager to help his mother.

C. He lost interest in school studies. ????D. He wanted to earn his own living.

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练真题记单词(词汇学习):

Programmer earn ?design ?credit ?release ?fairly ?suppose ?retirement ?possibility disappear

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难句解析:

Computer programmer David Jones earns ¥35,000 a year designing new computer games, yet he cannot find a bank ready to let him have a credit card

The 16-year-old works for a small firm in Liverpool, where the problem of most young people of his age is finding a job

David got his job with the Liverpool-based company four months ago, a year after leaving school with six O-levels and working for a time in a computer shop

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Lesson3:Risky foreign pets(C)

(64)(66)We have met the enemy, and he is ours. We bought him at a pet shop. When monkey-pox, a disease?usually found in the African rain forest, suddenly turns up?in children in the American Midwest, it’s hard not to wonder if the disease that comes from foreign animals is homing in on human beings. “Most of the infections (感染) we think of as human infections started in other animals,” says Stephen Morse, director of the Center for Public Health Preparedness at Columbia University.

It’s not just that we’re going to where the animals are; we’re also bringing them closer to us. Popular foreign pets have brought a whole new disease to this country. A strange illness killed Isaksen’s pets, and she now thinks that keeping foreign pets is a bad idea.(65)“I don’t think it’s fair to have them as pets when we have such a limited knowledge of them,” says Isaksen.

“Laws allowing these animals to be brought in from deep forest areas without stricter control need changing,” says Peter Schantz. Monkey-pox may be?the wake-up call.(在酒店是叫醒服务) (66)Researchers believe infected animals may infect their owners.?We know very little about these new diseases. A new bug (病毒) may be kind at first. But it may develop into something harmful (有害的). Monkey-pox doesn’t look a major infectious disease. But it is not impossible to pass the disease from person to person.

译文:(64)我们已经遇到了敌人,并且他是我们的敌人。我们从宠物商店买了他。当猴痘,这个在非洲雨淋里流行的疾病,突然在美国的中西部地区的孩子们中间出现的时候,人们很容易会猜想这种外国动物才会有的疾病,是否会蔓延于人类社会。我们认为人类感染的大部分感染时从动物开始的,Stephen Morse说,他是哥伦比亚大学公共健康中心的主任。

我们不仅去了那些动物生活的地方,而且我们还把他们带到我们身边。流行的国外宠物已经把一些全新的疾病带到这个国家。一种奇怪的疾病杀死了Isaksen的宠物,并且她现在认为,饲养外国宠物是一个坏主意。当我们对于这些宠物的了解如此有限的时候,我不认为把他们当成宠物是公平的”Isaksen说。

Peter Schantz?说,(67)法律允许从丛林深处引进这些动物,而不加以严加管控,这样的法律需要人们去改变它。(66)猴痘可能就是一个明确的警告。研究人员认为,受感染的动物可能感染它们的主人。(67)我们对这些新的疾病了解的非常少。起初一种新的病毒可能是一种。但它可能发展成为有害的东西。猴天花看起来并不像大的传染病。但它也不是不可能通过人的疾病传染到其他人。

64. We learn from Paragraph 1 that the pet sold at the shop may ______.(推理)

A. come from Columbia ???????????B. prevent us from being infected

C. enjoy being with children ????????D. suffer from monkey-pox

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65. Why did Isaksen advise people not to have foreign pets?(细节)

A. They attack human beings.

B. We need to study native animals.

C. They can’t live out of the rain forest.

D. We do not know much about them yet.

66. What does the phrase “the wake-up call” in Paragraph 3 most probably mean?(细节)

A. a new disease B. a clear warning

C. a dangerous animal ???????D. a morning call

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67. The text suggests that in the future we _______.(主旨)

A. may have to fight against more new diseases

B. may easily get infected by diseases from dogs

C. should not be allowed to have pets

D. should stop buying pets from Africa

练真题记单词(词汇学习)

Pox ?infection ?director ?popular ?fair ?limited ?deep ?bug ?harmful

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难句解析:

When monkey-pox, a disease usually found in the African rain forest, suddenly turns up in children in the American Midwest, it’s hard not to wonder if the disease that comes from foreign animals is homing in on human beings.

It’s not just that we’re going to where the animals are; we’re also bringing them closer to us.

“Laws allowing these animals to be brought in from deep forest areas without stricter control need changing,” says Peter Schantz.

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Lesson4:How to guide your Child(D)

It’s not easy being a teenager (13至19岁青少年) – nor is it easy being the parent of a teenager. You can make your child feel angry, hurt, or misunderstood by what you say without realizing it yourself.?(71)It is important to give your child the space he needs to grow while gently letting him know that you’ll still be there for him when he needs you.

Expect a lot from your child, just not everything. Except for health and safety problems, such as drug use or careless driving, consider everything else open to discussion.?(69)If your child is unwilling to discuss something, don’t insist he tell you what’s on his mind. The more you insist, the more likely that he’ll clam up. Instead, let him attempt to solve (解决) things by himself. At the same time, remind him that you’re always there for his should he seek advice or help. Show respect for your teenager’s privacy (隐私). Never read his mail or listen in on personal conversations.

(68)(70)Teach your teenager that the family phone is for the whole family. If your child talks on the family’s telephone for too long, tell him he can talk for 15 minutes, but then he must stay off the phone for at least an equal period of time. This not only frees up the line so that other family members can make and receive calls, but teaches your teenager moderation (节制). Or if you are open to the idea, allow your teenager his own phone that he pays for with his own pocket money or a part-time job.

译文:(68)做年轻人不容易,做年轻人的父母也不容易。你可以让你的孩子感到愤怒,伤害,或你没有意识到自己说的内容所误解。(71)重要的是要给孩子一些成长的空间,同时也要轻轻让他们知道,当他们需要你时,你将永远在他们身边。

(68)期望你的孩子很多,但不是一切。除了健康和安全问题,如吸毒或不小心驾驶,考虑一切都可以坦诚交流。(69)如果你的孩子不愿意讨论一些事,不要坚持让他告诉你他的想法。你越坚持,他越有可能厌烦(拒绝开口)。相反,让他尝试由他自己去解决这些事情。同时,提醒他如果想要建议或者帮助的话,你总会给予他帮助的。要显示对你的孩子的隐私表示尊重。从来不读他的电子邮件或听他的私人谈话。

(68)教导你的孩子,(70)家庭电话是为整个家庭服务的。如果你的孩子在家里打电话占用过长的时间,告诉他只能打15分钟,但是在打过电话至少15分钟之后才能再打。这不仅节省了线路,使其他家庭成员可以拨打和接听电话,而是还教导了孩子要节制。或者如果你的观念比较开放,让你的孩子拥有他自己的电话,用零花钱或者做兼职的钱来支付他的电话及费用。

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68. The main purpose of the text is to tell parents ______.(主旨)

A. how to get along with a teenager ?????B. how to respect a teenager

C. how to understand a teenager ????????D. how to help a teenager grow up

69. What does the phrase “clam up” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?(推理)

A. become excited B. show respect

C. refuse to talk ????????????????????D. seek help

70. The last paragraph is about how to teach a teenager ______.(段落主旨)

A. to use the phone in a sensible way ???B. to pay for his own telephone

C. to share the phone with friends ???????D. to answer the phone quickly

71. What should parents do in raising a teenager according to the text?(主旨)

A. Not allow him to learn driving or take drugs.

B. Give him advice only when necessary.

C. Let him have his own telephone.

D. Not talk about personal things with him.

练真题记单词(词汇学习)

Misunderstand ?careless ?discussion ?insist ?clam ?solve ?privacy ?equal ?period ??moderation

难句解析:

It’s not easy being a teenager (13至19岁青少年) – nor is it easy being the parent of a teenager.

At the same time, remind him that you’re always there for his should he seek advice or help

If your child talks on the family’s telephone for too long, tell him he can talk for 15 minutes, but then he must stay off the phone for at least an equal period of time.

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Lesson5:A boating trip(E)

Sunday, October 5

Clear, 69°F

My wife, Eleanor, and I took the train from Paris to (72)Strasbourg, where we were met by our driver and guide, and the minibus which goes along with the boat. We stopped off in Barn for an hour on the way. Then we were taken to Nancy where the boat was kept.

After the other passengers arrived, we had our first dinner on the boat. After dinner we walked into downtown Nancy, a village with a large square and wooden houses.

Monday, October 6

Rained last night, cloudy in the morning, 69°F

We spent about two hours in Nancy, then sailed(73)on the Canal de la Marne au Rhine. Kind of a lazy day, eating breakfast, lunch, and dinner. After dinner we watched a tape on Baccarat, where we will visit tomorrow.

It was pleasant to sit out on deck (甲板) and watch the scenery go by at about 3 mph.

Tuesday, October 7

Light rain, 64°F

This morning we drove over to Baccarat and toured its museum and the church, which has this unbelievable lamp that is going on a world tour the next day. We did lots of shopping, then walked across the bridge to see a very, very modern Catholic church with special Beccarat windows.

We drove to the top of the Voges Mountains and started down the eastern side, Later we drove to Sorrenbourg to see the 13th century church at the Cordeliers. It contains the largest window by Marc Chagall – 24 feet wide by 40 feet high.

Wednesday, October 8

Cloudy, 65°F

Today we sailed(73)from Schneckenbush to Saverne. We went through two caves, an extremely unusual part of the journey. This river scenery is very different. We were in a mountain valley with grassland on one side and a forest beginning to show some color on the other.

Thursday, October 9

Cloudy, 66°F

Our dependable minibus was waiting to load the luggage and take us to the hotel where everyone went their separate ways. Our boating days are over until next time.

译文:周日

我和我的妻子Eleanor(埃莉诺)搭乘了从巴黎到(72)斯特拉斯堡的火车,在那里我们见到了我们的司机、向导,还有随船一同旅行的面包车。我们停在巴恩小康的道路上一小时。然后我们被带到nancy,在哪里,被扣留了。
????在其他乘客抵达后,我们在船上第一次晚餐。晚饭后,我们走进市中心的Nancy,有一个宽阔的院落,和木屋的村庄。

星期一,10月6日
我们花了大约两个小时在Nancy,然后在马恩运河德拉金莱茵河航行。懒散的一天,吃早餐,午餐和晚餐。晚饭后,我们观看了Baccarat的磁带,这个地方是我们明天将要拜访的地方。
坐在甲板,看风每小时飘过的3英里的风景(75)是愉快的

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星期二,10月7日
(74)今天早上我们驾车前往Baccarat,并参观了那里的博物馆和教堂,这个教堂拥有令人不可思议的灯饰,它将明天开始世界巡览。我们大量的购物,然后步行过桥看到一个非常,非常现代化天主教堂,这个教堂有很特别的Baccarat窗口。
?????(74)我们驱车到Voges山顶,开始沿着东面走,后来我们开车到Sorrenbourg看到在Cordeliers 13世纪的教堂。它包含了Marc Chagall最大的窗口-40英尺高 - 24英尺宽。

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星期三,10月8日
今天,我们乘船从Schneckenbush到Saverne。我们经历了两个洞,一个非常不寻常的旅程的一部分。这条河的景色是非常不同的。我们在山谷,有草原与我们在同一边,森林开始出现一些其他颜色

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星期四,10月9日
我们那辆可靠的面包车正在等着装行李,准备带我们到酒店去,大家将在那里分手。(75)我们乘船日子已经结束期待下一次。

72. Where did the author get off the train?(细节)

A. Paris. ????B. Strasbourg. ???C. Nancy. ????D. Barn.

73. On which days did the tourists spend most of their time on the boat?(细节)

A. Monday and Tuesday. ??????B. Tuesday and Wednesday.

C. Wednesday and Thursday. ???D. Monday and Wednesday.

74. From the text, we learn that Baccarat and Sorrenbourg are the names of _____.(细节)

A. towns ???B. churches ???C. museums ???D. mountains

75. What does the author think of the tour? (主旨)

A. Tiring. ???B. Expensive. ???C. Enjoyable. ???D. Quick.

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练真题记单词(词汇学习)

Passenger ?downtown ?square ?unbelievable ?catholic ?unusual

Grassland ??dependable ??separate

难句解析

My wife, Eleanor, and I took the train from Paris to Strasbourg, where we were met by our driver and guide, and the minibus which goes along with the boat

This morning we drove over to Baccarat and toured its museum and the church, which has this unbelievable lamp that is going on a world tour the next day.

Our dependable minibus was waiting to load the luggage and take us to the hotel where everyone went their separate ways

全国卷2

Lesson6:Leftovers for breakfast(A)

I know what you’re thinking : pizza (比萨饼)? For breakfast? But the truth is that you can have last night’s leftovers?in the a. m. if you want to ?

I know lots of women who skip breakfast (不吃早餐) , and they have a ton of different excuses for doing it . Some say they don’t have time. others think they’re “saving” calories (卡路里), still others just don’t like breakfast food .

But the bottom line is that eating in the morning is very important when you’re trying to lose weight. “Eating just about anything from 300 to 400 calories would be better than nothing at all,” says Katherine Brooking , R , D , who developed the super-easy eating plan for this year’s “SELF CHALLENGE”. And even pizza can be healthy if it’s loaded with vegetables, and you stick to one small piece. ??

Breakfast is one meal I never miss, and the same goes for most weight loss success stories. Research shows that eating breakfast keeps you from overeating later in the day. Researchers at the University of Southem California found that?(42)breakfast skippers have a bigger chance of gaining weight than those who regularly have a morning meal.

So eat something in the morning, anything. I know plenty of friends who end up having no breakfast altogether, and have just coffee or orange juice. I say, try heating up last night’s leftovers-it may sound crazy, but if it works for you, do it! I find if I tell myself, “You can always eat it tomorrow,” I put away the leftovers instead of eating more that night. Try it…you may save yourself some pre-bedtime calories. And watch your body gain the fat-burning effects.

译文: 我知道你在想什么:比萨?早餐?但事实是,(41)你可以有昨晚的剩菜,如果你想 。

我知道许多不吃早餐的女人,并且他们有许多不同的借口。有些人说他们没有时间。有些

认为他们是“节约”卡路里,还有一些人只是不喜欢吃早餐的食物。

但底线是,(44)在早上吃是很重要的当你试图减肥。Katherine Brooking , R , D?说“吃含有300到400卡路里的任何东西比什么都不吃要好的多。Katherine为今年的挑战自我开发出了超简单的食谱。甚至是比萨饼如果它与蔬菜一起,披萨是健康的,并且你坚持一小块。
早餐是我从来没有错过一餐,而且同样帮我减肥成功。研究表明,吃早餐可防止你在当天晚些时候暴饮暴食。南加州大学的研究人员发现,(42)不吃早餐的人的体重比每天早上都吃饭的人的体重增加的机会多的多。
(43)因此,在早上要吃点东西,任何东西。我知道很多朋友都结束了不吃早餐,他们喝咖啡或橙汁。我说,尽量加热昨晚的剩菜,这听起来疯狂,但如果它适合你,做到这一点!我觉得如果我告诉自己,“你总是可以吃了明天,”我放好,而不是吃多了当晚的剩菜。试试吧...你可以节省自己一些前就寝卡路里。看着你的身体得到燃烧脂肪的作用

?

41. The word “leftovers” in Paragraph 1 probably means_____.(推理)

A. food remaining after a meal ?????B. things left undone ?

C. meals made of vegetables ?????????D. pizza topped with fruit ?

42. What can we infer from the text? ______ ?(推理)

A. Working women usually have breakfast in a hurry. ??

B. Many people have wrong ideas about breakfast. ??

C. There are some easy ways of cooking a meal. ??

D. Eating vegetables helps save energy. ??

43. According to the last paragraph, it is important to______. ?(推理)

A. eat something for breakfast ???????B. be careful about what you eat ?

C. heat up food before eating it ???????D. eat calorie-controlled food ?

44. The text is written mainly for those______. ??(主旨)

A. who go to work early ???????B. who want to lose weight ?

C. who stay up late ???????????D. who eat before sleep ?

?

练真题记单词(词汇学习)

Leftover ?skip ?calorie ?bottom ?healthy ?load ?stick ?weight ?regularly ?gain ?effect

难句解析:

But the bottom line is that eating in the morning is very important when you’re trying to lose weight

Eating just about anything from 300 to 400 calories would be better than nothing at all,” says Katherine Brooking , R , D , who developed the super-easy eating plan for this year’s “SELF CHALLENGE”

Researchers at the University of Southem California found that breakfast skippers have a bigger chance of gaining weight than those who regularly have a morning meal.

?

Lesson7:Housework (B)

Having a husband means an extra seven hours of housework each week for women, according to a new study. For men, getting married saves an hour of housework a week. “It’s a well-known pattern,” said lead researcher Frank Stafford at University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research. (45)“Men usually work more outside the home, while women take on more of the housework.” ?

He points out that differences among households(家庭)exist. But in general, marriage means more housework for women and less for men. “And the situation gets worse for women when they have children,” Stafford said. ??

(48)Overall, times are changing in the American home. In 1976, women busied themselves with 26 weekly hours of sweeping-and-dusting work, compared with 17 hours in 2005. (46)Men are taking on more housework, more than doubling their housework hours from six in 1976 to 13 in 2005. ??

Single women in their 20s and 30s did the least housework, about 12 weekly hours, while married women in their 60s and 70s did the most-about 21 hours a week. ??

Men showed a somewhat different pattern, with older men picking up the broom more often than younger men. (47)Single men worked the hardest around the house, more than that of all other age groups of married men. ??

Having children increases housework even further. With more than three children, for example, wives took on more of the extra work, clocking about 28 hours a week compared with husbands’10 hours. ??

译文:拥有一个丈夫对女人来说意味着每周要多做7小时的家务。对于男人来说,结了婚就可以每周少做1小时的教务。“这是一个众所周知的模式,一个歇根大学社会研究所的首席研究人员Frank Stafford说,(45)“男人通常在外面工作的更多,而女人就要承担更多的家务了。”
?????他指出,家庭之间存在分歧。但总的来说,婚姻意味着更多的家务归妇女,男人做家务比较少。 当家里有了小孩的时候,对于妇女来说,情况就更糟糕了,Stafford说道。

总体而言,(48)在美国家庭里,做家务的情况在不断变化。 1976年,女士们每周花26小时打扫家务,而相比之下,2005年的时候仅仅为每周17小时。(46)男人们现在负担起了更多的家务活儿,2005年每周13小时的干家务活时间是1976年的6小时的两倍还要多。

20多岁和30岁岁的的单身女性做的家务活最少,每周约12小时,而已婚妇女在60岁到70多岁做的最多,大约21小时。
????男性的情况则有所不同,年龄较大的男子拿起扫帚往往比年轻男子多。(47)单身男性在家里干活最卖力,超过所有其他年龄的已婚男性群体。
????女人有了孩子做家务更多。例如,至少带3个孩子的妻子们,她们承担起更多的额外工作,每周大约28小时的干家务的时间,丈夫则仅有10小时。

45. According to the “well-known pattern” in Paragraph 1, a married man_______(细节) ?

A. takes on heavier work ??????????????????????????B. does more housework ?

C. is the main breadwinner(赚钱养家的人) ??????????D. is the master of the house ?

46. How many hours of housework did men do every week in the 1970s? ?(细节)

A. About 23. ?????????????????????B. About 26. ??

C. About 13. ??????????????????????D. About 6. ??

47. What kind of man is doing most housework according to the text? ?(细节)

A. An unmarried man. ??????????????B. An older married man. ??

C. A younger married man. ??????????D. A married man with children. ??

48. What can we conclude from Stafford’s research? ?(主旨)

A. Marriage gives men more freedom. ??

B. Marriage has effects on job choices. ??

C. Housework sharing changes over time. ??

D. Having children means doubled housework. ??

?

练真题记单词(词汇学习)

Accord ?pattern ?institute ?marriage ?overall ?sweep ?compare ?single ?somewhat ?increase

?

难句解析:

  • In 1976, women busied themselves with 26 weekly hours of sweeping-and-dusting work, compared with 17 hours in 2005
  • Men are taking on more housework, more than doubling their housework hours from six in 1976 to 13 in 2005.

With more than three children, for example, wives took on more of the extra work, clocking about 28 hours a week compared with husbands’10 hours. ?

?

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